May 27

BREAKING: Disruption at Michigan Policy Conference Calls Attention to Aging Mackinac Pipeline

Mackinac Island — Wednesday, 1pm, 2015 – a group of concerned individuals from across the state of Michigan have just converged at the start of the 2015 Michigan Policy Conference to draw attention to the aging crude oil pipeline known as “Line 5″. Three MICATS organizers disrupted Governor Rick Snyder as he was giving his opening address. One individual, Mariah Urueta, said “To help keep Michigan Pure, shut down Line 5! We do not need another Kalamazoo Oil Spill. Shut down Line 5! And stop the Detroit water shutoffs, those started today too by the way!” Another, Al Smith, unfurled a banner and said “Keep Michigan Pure! Shut down Line 5!”. Others, outside of the Grand Hotel where the conference is being held, chanted and held signs saying “Protect the Great Lakes — Shut Down Line 5!”.

Line 5 is a 62-year-old crude oil pipeline owned and operated by Enbridge, which passes from Michigan’s Upper Peninsula into lower Michigan directly through the pristine freshwaters of the Straits of Mackinac. It has a history of leaks, such as in Crystal Falls in 1999, and in fact leaked liquid natural gas condensate just a few months ago near Manistique. Despite Line 5′s horrible track record, and Enbridge’s deplorable spill history over all, Line 5 is currently not known to have experienced leak directly in the Straits of Mackinac.

When asked about why she was raising awareness about Line 5 at the Michigan Policy Conference, a demonstrator said, “Line 5 is a crime against humanity. To chance spilling so much oil into the largest freshwater drinking supply in the world is inexcusable. We must stop Line 5 before it’s too late!”

Awareness about the threat that Line 5 poses increased significantly around 2013 when despite its age (it’s older than the Mackinac Bridge), Enbridge increased the capacity of the line by 10%. On October 2013, the National Wildlife Federation released a video of an underwater exploration of Line 5 which showed the twin Line 5 pipelines with support struts coming off and hanging in the water. And in July 2014, a study was done by the University of Michigan involving a simulation of how quickly oil would spread through the Great Lakes if a Line 5 spill were to occur.

Despite all this, Line 5 is still pumping oil through the Straits. Enbridge appears to be fighting back with a policy change, through House Bill 4540 (dubbed by some as the “Pipeline Secrecy Bill”), that would prevent concerned communities from finding out about whether Line 5 is even being regulated adequately. A “Michigan Petroleum Pipeline Task Force” has been convened to determine what to do about Line 5; it is chaired by Attorney General Bill Schuette.

Disruption at the Michigan Policy Conference!

Disruption at the Michigan Policy Conference!

The disruption comes at the heels of a rally and demonstration organized by Oil and Water Don’t Mix, a state-wide coalition of groups unified over the goal to decommission and shut down Line 5.

The Michigan Policy Conference brings together dozens of legislators in the US and Michigan Senate and House of Representatives as well as countless other select individuals to discuss policy, legislation, and economy for the state of Michigan. The high-class policy conference is incidentally inaccessible to most, as conference tickets are about $2,000-$3,000 per person.

What You Can Do

This is a huge issue and it affects millions of people’s lives. It’s our lives and our environment versus the private profits of a single corporation that destroyed the Kalamazoo River in 2010, and some of their investors and partners.

So guess what!

There’s no cookie-cutter solution to how to stop this pipeline. If there were it would’ve been stopped already. A bunch of concerned folks have come all the way to Mackinac Island to make their voices heard and give Michigan “policy makers” a piece of their mind. Others have spoken out publicly about how Line 5 constantly threatens their livelihood and the beauty of the Straits. A whole bunch of us have come together as an entire coalition to stop this pipeline… get involved at . And MICATS has plans of its own later this summer, stay tuned for more info on how you can get involved!

So we urge you to learn about the issues and do whatever you can think to! We must raise awareness about this constantly looming threat to the Great Lakes however we can.

May 15

Respect Dinosaur Graves

In the spirit of other divestment campaigns such as the International Solidarity Movement around ending the occupation of Palestine, the anti-apartheid divestment movement in South Africa and the growing movement to divest from fossil fuels, Michigan Coalition Against Terrible Stuff is calling on two big financial institutions to divest from Enbridge. We are urging both Bank of America and JP Morgan Chase to divest from Enbridge. Both institutions claim to have a vested interest in environmental sustainability. And while multi-national capitalist entities will never be sustainable, divesting from Enbridge is a strong move. Here is the letter to Bank of America. Feel free to reproduce it and send one too!
Divest from Enbridge

Letter to Bank of America:
To Whom it May Concern Regarding Environmental Sustainability,

My name is [your name here] and I am writing to you on behalf of the Michigan Coalition Against Tar Sands (MICATS). I am writing because Bank of America invests in the Canadian pipeline company Enbridge Incorporated. Because of the devastating effects that the pipelines operated by Enbridge Incorporated have had on our communities, we have been resisting the expansion and continued operation of Enbridge’s pipelines. Additionally, the effects of the oil sands industry on climate change have been well documented. It has been estimated that a 0.4 degree Celsius increase would occur from burning the tars sands in Alberta.
I know that Bank of America prides itself on stopping the harmful effects of climate change. I was very pleased to learn that just recently you have backed away from funding coal mining. This is a commendable step on the journey toward a sustainable future. However, Bank of America still owns about 2.24 million shares of Enbridge Incorporated. If Bank of America really wants to address climate change and the destruction that Enbridge has brought upon affected communities, then Bank of America must stop funding Enbridge.
MICATS is asking that Bank of America divest from Enbridge not because it is an option, but because it is a necessity to protect the future of our planet.
I look forward to your response to this letter. A response by June 1st would be greatly appreciated. Thank you for taking the time to read this letter and I trust that Bank of America will make a life affirming decision on this matter.

[your name and contact info here]
Michigan Coalition Against Tar Sands

Send it to

Bank of America
Attn: FL1-300-01-29
PO Box 25118
Tampa, FL 33633-0900

Letter to Chase Bank

To Whom it May Concern Regarding Environmental Sustainability,

My name is [your name here] and I am writing to you on behalf of the Michigan Coalition Against Tar Sands (MICATS). I am writing because JP Morgan Chase invests in the Canadian pipeline company Enbridge Incorporated. Because of the devastating effects that the pipelines operated by Enbridge have had on our communities, we have been resisting the expansion and continued operation of Enbridge’s pipelines. Additionally, the effects of the oil sands industry on climate change have been well documented. It has been estimated that a 0.4 degree Celsius increase would occur from burning the tars sands in Alberta.
I know that JP Morgan Chase & Co prides itself on a dedication to sustainable investing. Your website touts that you are committed to “reduce environmental and social risks”. This is a commendable step on the journey toward a sustainable future. However, Chase still owns about 4.13 million shares of Enbridge Incorporated. If Chase really wants to address sustainability and the destruction that Enbridge has brought upon affected communities, then Chase must stop funding Enbridge.
MICATS is asking that JP Morgan Chase & Co divest from Enbridge not because it is an option, but because it is a necessity to protect the future of our planet.
I look forward to your response to this letter. A response by June 1st would be greatly appreciated. Thank you for taking the time to read this letter and I trust that Chase will make a life affirming decision on this matter.

[your name and contact info here]
Michigan Coalition Against Tar Sands

send to:
National Bank By Mail
P O Box 36520
Louisville, KY 40233-6520

May 06

New Michigan Pipeline Secrecy Bill Slammed; Industry Proposal Would Hide Safety Records

Legislation Would Conceal Pipeline Inspections, Put Great Lakes At Risk

This release was jointly done by the Sierra Club, Clean Water Action and FLOW (For Love Of Water)

Tuesday, May 5, 2015 — LANSING, MI – Citizens groups sharply criticized proposed legislation introduced today that would permanently block public access to pipeline safety records in Michigan, including for high-risk pipelines running through the Straits of Mackinac operated by the controversial Canadian oil conglomerate Enbridge, Inc.

The sweeping bill, House Bill 4540, which would amend Michigan’s Freedom of Information Act, goes beyond federal rules governing pipeline records disclosure. It would exempt virtually all oil and natural gas pipeline information from public disclosure and is being sought by Enbridge, responsible in 2010 for the nation’s largest inland oil spill near Kalamazoo.

“Enbridge has a questionable safety record and desperately wants to keep critically important pipeline safety information from the public,” said Nic Clark, Michigan Director of Clean Water Action. “This bill exploits the public’s legitimate concerns over national security to cloak the real purpose for Enbridge, which is to keep secret its safety and other records.”

Enbridge’s twin Line 5 pipelines through the Straits of Mackinac have been the subject of intense public interest since it was revealed in early 2014 that the Eisenhower-era lines pose a serious threat to the Great Lakes and northern Michigan communities and businesses. A special task force of state officials assembled last June is expected to issue a report this month on the pipelines. The Michigan Petroleum Pipeline Task Force, however, has been meeting behind closed doors, releasing only press releases and presentations. Meanwhile, Enbridge and the task force have kept most documents secret under an elaborate arrangement involving a password-protected website fashioned by Enbridge.

“Enbridge wants a blanket exemption from disclosing critical pipeline safety records and that’s not acceptable,” said Liz Kirkwood, Executive Director of FLOW, a water policy and education center based in Traverse City. “At any moment, a pipeline spill could contaminate the Great Lakes and collapse the northern Michigan tourist economy. We need to know more, not less, about the safety of Enbridge’s pipelines and all pipelines in Michigan.”

The proposed legislation was introduced today by state Rep. Kurt Heise (R-Plymouth). An Enbridge lobbyist has been working behind the scenes in recent weeks to line up support to exempt pipelines from Michigan’s Freedom of Information Act, which requires public disclosure of most public records.


“What Michigan needs is more transparency about the pipeline’s safety, potential harm, and alternative routes, not less,” said David Holtz, Chair of the Michigan Chapter of Sierra Club. “Pipelines leak, and as we saw in Kalamazoo, when there’s a breach, it can be catastrophic. Yet Enbridge refuses to release any documents related to pipeline inspections and now wants the State of Michigan to sanction that secrecy.”

Enbridge’s efforts to close off access to pipeline safety documents through an exemption to Michigan’s Freedom of Information Act comes on the heels of a report revealing that a two-year-old pipeline operated in Missouri by TransCanada suffered major corrosion, with 95% corrosion in one section of the pipe. The report was based on documents obtained under the federal Freedom of Information Act.

“In Missouri you have a 21st Century pipeline that had to be shut down and the only reason we know the details is because the law required the documents to be released publicly,” said Jim Lively, Program Director, Michigan Land Use Institute. “In Michigan we have pipelines running through the Great Lakes, under extremely volatile conditions, and these pipelines were constructed in 1953 during an era where color television was the newest technology. Yet Enbridge wants to keep the safety of these pipelines secret.”

Thousands of Michigan residents and visitors have signed a petition urging Governor Rick Snyder to order open public hearings on the oil pipelines in the Straits and alternatives to eliminate the risk of a catastrophic spill.

“We expect openness and transparency,” said Peggy Case, President of Michigan Citizens for Water Conservation. “What we are getting from Enbridge in this proposed legislation is defiance.”

Apr 22

The Whammer’s Restitution Hearing and Stopping a Nasty Class-Action Settlement

i stand with chrisPress Advisory:
April 20th 2015
Chris Wahmhoff
WHO: MI CATS (Michigan Coalition Against Tar Sands)
WHAT: Call for steps against the Enbridge Class Action Settlement on May 5
WHERE: Outside of the Justice Complex at 161 E. Michigan Ave., Battle Creek, MI 49014
WHEN: Friday, April 24, following the restitution hearing at 8:30am
WHY: The purpose of this demonstration will be to raise awareness and call for any residents living within 1000 feet of the Kalamazoo River in the impacted area of the spill almost five years ago, to help support an objection for this class action to move to trial or to withdraw from this settlement that will give the company responsible for the spill (Enbridge) control of their water testing and a deceitfully low compensation for the “largest inland oil spill in U.S. history (EPA).”
There will be statements and a direct action happening to rally awareness, along with guest speakers and details on how affected residents can learn more about the settlement, as well as legal support and direction for those who wish to fight for more compensation and health protection from this spill that included potentially hundreds of toxic chemicals.
The Michigan Coalition Against Tar Sands (MI CATS) seeks to unite people towards a common goal of stopping all transportation and refining of tar sands oil in the Great Lakes Basin and advocating against the production/transportation of tar sands everywhere.

Defend the water! And support those who have put their freedom on the line! Join Chris, the CATS, the community, and all concerned individuals this Friday at 8:30!!!

Apr 01

BREAKING: CEO of Enbridge Inc. Turns Himself In For Corporate Crimes Against Humanity & Environment

Note: this story was published on April Fools’ Day. We wish it were true…


Calgary, Alberta — Wednesday, April 1st, 2015, 10am MDT — Al Monaco, President and CEO of Enbridge Inc., has turned himself in to RCMP officials at the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Calgary station. He confessed to hundreds of crimes perpetrated by corporate “person” Enbridge Inc. as well as himself personally.

Monaco submitted a 41-page document detailing the crimes he and Enbridge confessed to, including lying about the safety measures implemented on its North American pipeline infrastructure, criminal negligence in pipeline construction and maintenance, bullying and intimidating landowners into signing land condemnation agreements in order to advance its pipeline infrastructure, negligence and intentional failure to adequately address the destruction of the Kalamazoo River for years after the rupture of pipeline 6B, and intimidation of and monitoring of protestors of this corporation.

Commenting on his use of gloves, arresting officer Don Uts said, "I couldn't fathom directly touching such a dirty criminal with my bare hands."

Commenting on his use of gloves, arresting officer Don Uts said,
“I couldn’t fathom directly touching such a dirty criminal with my bare hands.”

Monaco announced his intentions to turn himself in on his personal Twitter account, @BigAlMonaco, a few hours earlier this morning. The announcement spread quickly, and dozens of both supporters and opposers were there to watch Monaco be arrested. Monaco had this to say to onlookers before being zip-tied:

“I just couldn’t sleep at night.”

“I realized that what my corporation and I were doing was wrong, but didn’t know what to do about it. It definitely didn’t help that there weren’t enough people speaking out when we bullied landowners or indigenous peoples into accepting our nefarious operations, and it didn’t help that our dirty fossil fuel products were always highly in demand, until recently anyway. And it certainly isn’t a help that the Obama and Harper Administrations deny the severity of climate change and fail to take steps to make tar sands and other fossil fuels less marketably palatable. And most importantly, my friends were no help when I tried to confide in them about all this.”

“I’m sorry to everyone we’ve wronged. I’m sorry to Kalamazoo, sorry to indigenous communities where we extract tar sands as well as refinery communities that deal with the toxic byproducts of our operations seeping into their very lungs. I’m sorry to everyone who lives near one of our leaky-as-shit pipelines which are all over this continent. Especially Line 5, our 62-year-old petroleum pipeline that runs directly through the Great Lakes and is a constant threat to it. And I’m sorry to future generations which will have to deal with catastrophic climate change as a result of all this.”

“I realize that turning myself in can only be a symbolic act at best. I realize that the Enbridge Board of Directors will likely disclaim everything I’m saying right now, and will probably call me a lunatic. And they’ll probably just find another CEO and all this bullshit will just continue. But at least my conscience will be clear.”

“As for the rest of you all, I urge you to stop wanting our products. Boycott Enbridge, reduce your dependence on energy if that’s what it takes. Speak out when your neighbors and community are under attack. Disrupt our corporate activities whenever you can, but be civil and non-violent about it. Stop Enbridge, save us from ourselves, because we really know not what we do.”

Update: only a few hours later, Monaco and Enbridge have been charged with 210 misdemeanor and 7,432 felony counts. Monaco’s bail has been set at $1,000,000,000,000,000,000 Canadian dollars. His first hearing has been set for April 22nd, which, coincidentally, is Earth Day.

Mar 19


2014-07-08 20.53.40
When MICATS was born, the landscape here in Michigan was different. Enbridge was not often mentioned in the national rhetoric on tar sands, the infamous Line 6B was in the middle of being expanded, and Michigan was barely on the map in the world of tar sands activism, despite being home to the largest and costliest inland tar sands oil spill in this country’s history: the Kalamazoo River Spill. The community of southeast Michigan was suffering largely in silence from racist and calculated poisoning at the hands of Marathon Oil, the refinery that has been using Detroit as a dumping ground for decades. Silenced, ignored, and disregarded by decision-makers and regulatory bodies, this community is a classic example of environmental injustice and racism and is complicit in the perpetuation of tar sands crimes.

Now — over a year and a half later — 6B is in the ground, the community in southwest Michigan is still reeling from the effects of the spill in 2010, and an increased volume of tar sands is flowing through southern Michigan with the intention of exporting it from terminals on the east coast. Residents of Detroit are still being denied their basic rights to clean air and water as Marathon continues to spew out toxic gases and the city continues to shut down people’s access to water.

Despite all of this, over the past few years, MICATS has gone from being just an idea to an entity feared by Enbridge and the state and we’ve gotten stronger, wiser, and more fierce as our strategy and analysis has developed along our journey.

In February 2013, we began organizing in response to the rapid and insidious expansion of the Enbridge pipeline responsible for the 2010 Kalamazoo River tar sands spill. Once the expansion was complete, this line — known as 6B — was expected to carry over double the capacity of tar sands oil to refineries in the region, including Marathon in Detroit. Having exhausted the avenues available to the public to stop this expansion, there seemed to be little hope left. It was from this desperation and urgency that MICATS began taking direct action to throw a wrench in the project’s progression and draw attention to Enbridge’s unjust, toxic, and hastily carried out business plans.

From tree sits to lockdowns, facing felonies and jail time, MICATS remained committed to its mission: to stop the transportation and refinement of tar sands oil in the Great Lakes Basin. During this time however, we also remained realistic. With the power, collusion, and monetary strength of a company like Enbridge combined with the iron fist of the state, it was going to be unlikely that the actions of a fledgling group would ultimately prevent the completion of the expansion.

And that takes us to where we are now. Line 6B is in the ground running and Enbridge’s Line 5 — a tar sands pipeline that is over 60 years old and literally hanging under the Straits of Mackinac in the Great Lakes — is a continual threat to one of the world’s largest supplies of fresh water. A spill in this fragile and critical zone would rival the size of the Exxon Valdez.

But our mission and resolve to stop tar sands has only strengthened with Line 6B in the ground. While we began as the Michigan Coalition Against Tar Sands, we understand the intricate and inextricable connection between the tar sands industry and other issues of injustice. The same authorities and governments profiting from the tar sands industry are those striking social programs, leading to increased criminalization of the poor and non-white and propagating the genocide of ecosystems and lifestyles. The same tactics used to ensure the maintenance of a culture built from slavery and genocide are the tactics used to protect industrial giants such as Enbridge. So while we are the Michigan Coalition Against Tar Sands, you could also call us the Michigan Coalition Against Terrible Stuff!

We believe it is wrong to profit from the exploitation of another. We believe in a world where fear and greed are not the driving forces behind the decisions and actions of the powerful, where integrity guides communities, and where all living things can live in harmony and balance with one another. This, however, is not a lofty and cushy dream that fails to recognize the suffering and sacrifice that is taking place with this vision in mind.

Inspired by successful and strategic campaigns of the past and remaining true to our beginnings, we are launching a new phase of our organizing where we will aim to end Enbridge’s exploitation in a new way. Being one of the largest tar sands profiteers in the world, Enbridge relies on numerous investors, suppliers, contractors, and the like to do its work. We have developed an understanding of these companies and will be encouraging folks to take action to call out the connection between these companies and the tar sands industry. Many of these companies are already known for atrocities they commit either directly or indirectly, so there are plenty of reasons to call them out for their unethical means of profiteering.

Calling all CATS! No matter where you are, if you hate tar sands, terrible stuff, or both, we want you to start shaking the strongholds that support the exploitative Enbridge Empire with us. We want to choke the arteries and veins that feed the heart of the tar sands industry by focusing on the subsidiaries that serve to make tar sands destruction possible.

With fierce determination and love,


Jan 22

Report-Back: Duncan and Dylan’s Sentencing

Written by a cat.

CATS traveled from great distances to support Duncan and Dylan (D&D) at their sentencing for the August 2014 “Hiss and Scratch” against Enbridge. The outside was nearly freezing, and it began to snow soon after we arrived at the Oakland County Courthouse. D&D arrived dutifully at 8:30am, but the court wasn’t ready for them till about 10am. We all walked into the courtroom and took our seats, and waited for a few minutes as Judge Julie A. Nicholson handled other cases. They were done quickly, and Nicholson was soon ready for D&D.

An "artistic depiction" of the court proceedings in lieu of a photograph (cameras weren't allowed in the courtroom).

An “artistic depiction” of the court proceedings in lieu of a photograph (cameras weren’t allowed in the courtroom).

There isn’t much to say about how court went other than that it went about as quickly as the other cases. Sadly, the court didn’t seem to hold any space for a deeper understanding of why Duncan and Dylan acted… in the eyes of this justice system, dry as bread so stale that it’s brittle and close to crumbling, Duncan and Dylan literally “committed a crime”. Duncan and Dylan were seen, by this justice system, as irresponsible and impulsive youngsters, as opposed to humans of conscience who couldn’t wait and watch as others destroyed the land, environment, and planet. The court seemed especially concerned about Dylan, who was allegedly “unremorseful” about his action. Dylan, though, was allowed to at least say this to the court:

Your honor, I’ve been actively involved in organizing and education in communities surrounding southwest Detroit, the most polluted zip code in Michigan. The crime I pleaded guilty to was an act of civil disobedience, a peaceful form of protest. I never intended to suggest that I would not comply with the court’s orders for my action.

Soon after, Dylan was sentenced to 12 months probation, $480 for probation costs, a $75 “Crime Victim Assessment”, and $175 “State Minimum Costs”, a choice between 10 days in jail or 10 days of work through a “WWAM” program of some sort (of which Dylan chose the latter, which costs an additional $150), verification of employment, and no contact with Precision Pipeline as well as “Enbridge employees and/or worksites”. Even the court-appointed attorney was visibly embarrassed to ask for no contact with Enbridge because she couldn’t identify Enbridge as having any offices in the state of Michigan or anywhere in the US for that matter (though in fact they do have offices in Michigan as well as elsewhere in the US). This was just another case of the state going out of its way to act in the interests of a multinational corporate behemoth.

Duncan was sentenced to 12 months of probation and the same various costs and no-contact stipulations as Dylan, along with 40 hours of community service and to go through an “impulse control program” (as if that’s the cure to stop unruly environmental defenders while Earth is on the brink of collapse). He was offered “HYTA” status, which means that because he’s under 21 years old, he’s eligible to have the offense wiped from his record.


What was perhaps the most disturbing part of the day was the so-called “restitution hearing” that was to happen right after D&D’s sentencing. In restitution hearings, one party allegedly owes another party some money (the “restitution”), and the hearing happens if the two parties cannot agree on how much money is owed. In this case, Precision Pipeline LLC is requesting a restitution of $39,226.30 from D&D. Most notably, this request was presented not by a Precision representative but the court attorney because Precision Pipeline wouldn’t bother paying a representative to come to court. Precision’s project manager for the site of the action, Steven Grice, couldn’t make it to the hearing, because he was off doing something else in West Virginia. Furthermore, Precision couldn’t even be bothered to keep up correspondence with the court attorney in a timely manner.

So, the court attorney ended up asking judge Nicholson, *in the last minute*, to reschedule the restitution hearing to a later date so that Steven Grice could participate via video conference, which the court admitted out loud to not even knowing how to arrange at the time. The court granted that motion, so the restitution hearing has been rescheduled to Tuesday, January 27th, 2015.

The court attorney took the extra mile to defend Precision Pipeline’s right to a restitution hearing, despite that Precision Pipeline couldn’t even be bothered to show up, or even simply to communicate with the court about what their intentions were in a timely manner. And at the technical expense of setting up a video conference just for Precision, to boot, on an entirely different day, at last-minute notice. All this shows that the court attorney either truly believes in Precision’s work for the community (ha!), or rather, that perhaps there’s a financial stake in it for them.


Going Forward

Here are some things you can do to support Duncan, Dylan and MICATS!

1) Spread the word! Write op-eds about the protest and Precision and Enbridge, write to your friends, have conversations! Make plans of your own…

2) Support MICATS financially! Court costs, including the extra expected costs of gas, go to over $2,000. To help with that, go to

3) Come support Duncan and Dylan at the restitution hearing! Tuesday, January 27th, at 1:15pm, at 700 Barclay Circle, Rochester Hills, MI 48307

Dec 28

A Kalamazoo Resident’s Week-long Environmental Justice Fast against Enbridge

One of the MI CATS has recently begun a 7-day fast as a personal protest against Enbridge and in support of opposition to Enbridge. Here’s a statement this CAT wrote below:


At 12am on December 25, precisely one week before the end of 2014, I began a week-long “environmental justice fast”. This fast is a personal, spiritual act of opposition to Enbridge and Enbridge’s tar sands tyranny. I was inspired to do this fast a few months ago as a result of casual internet research, looking to discover previous acts of opposition to Enbridge… I came across articles detailing a similar fast (check out this and this) done by Mia Nissen during the last 7 days of the previous year in opposition to Enbridge’s Northern Gateway Pipeline. I thought that was pretty cool and honorable, and decided pretty much then and there that I’d do the same thing this year.

In the middle of a week-long environmental justice fast... because Enbridge sucks.

In the middle of a week-long environmental justice fast… because Enbridge sucks.

For this fast I’m consuming nothing but water. I am not concerned for my health or the safety of the fast because I’ve fasted a few times before. My aim is to pray and just spiritually go through this, and try to maintain a presence of an hour a day in front of a Morgan Stanley building in Kalamazoo (Morgan Stanley is an investor in Enbridge) holding signs about the 2010 Kalamazoo disaster to raise local awareness.

Why I’m Doing This

I’m doing this fast for multiple reasons related to my disdain for Enbridge. For one, I’m pissed off at both Enbridge and the Michigan judicial system for branding Lisa, Barbara, Vicci, and now Chris as felons for allegedly refusing to cooperate with cops while blockading construction on Enbridge’s 6B. These four individuals (and many others) should be thanked for their sacrifices for our future generations, not punished by the state! But alas, Lisa, Barbara and Vicci were sentenced to a year of probation and a month in jail for peacefully resisting Enbridge, and Chris Wahmhoff is slated to be sentenced for his “crime” tomorrow at the Battle Creek Courthouse. I hope you can join Chris and the rest of the MI CATS there! Click here for details on our gathering this Monday at noon.

While Mia aimed to draw attention with her fast to the Northern Gateway pipeline system, my fast isn’t against the proposed Northern Gateway pipeline system specifically. As a resident of Kalamazoo, Michigan, familiar with the devastation wreaked by Enbridge’s cruel negligence both with the rupture of tar sands line 6B and with the subsequent cover-up scandal, I’m opposed to Enbridge’s operations generally, because I don’t trust them. Enbridge has been caught with numerous lies over the years, and has been voraciously expanding its tar sands infrastructure across the continent these past few years. I can think of 11 pipelines right off the bat that Enbridge has that are proposed or already completed:

  1. Line 3: Enbridge plans to double the capacity of this line so that by 2017 it will carry 760,000 barrels of tar sands oil a day. No presidential approval is required for this pipeline since it’s already there… which is one reason why the mainstream environmental movement may not be paying it much attention, even though it’s comparable to the size of the proposed Keystone XL.
  2. Line 4: this pipeline spilled over 1,300 barrels of “oil” just days ago, leading to its forced shutdown (woot woot!)
  3. Line 5: this 61-year-old pipeline, which leaked at Crystal Falls, MI in 1999, as well as had a “pinhole leak” just weeks ago, passes through the Straits of Mackinac, threatening the Great Lakes, which comprise 20% of the world’s freshwater supply. Read more about line 5 here: 5 spooky facts about Enbridge’s Mackinac Pipeline
  4. Line 6B: this pipeline was the infamous one that ruptured in 2010, leading to the largest inland tar sands spill in US history, devastating the communities and environment of Marshall, Battle Creek, and Kalamazoo. Courageous members of MICATS have repeatedly put their bodies on the line these past few years to blockade the expansion of this pipeline. MICATS has organized multiple treesits, lockdowns, and pipe occupations to stop this pipe. Sadly, four of the MICATS have been convicted of felonies for their actions, one who’s actually going to be sentenced tomorrow for skateboarding into line 6B back in 2013. Check out this very site to learn more about all that MICATS has done to try to stop this pipeline. As of now, the expanded pipeline is in operation.
  5. Line 9: this pipeline has faced serial opposition all throughout its route. Multiple blockades have occurred this past summer to obstruct maintenance/expansion operations at Line 9 sites, and recently, in opposition to Line 9, activists in 9 different cities in Ontario locked the entrances of the offices of Enbridge and other institutions that support them, saying they’re “closed for risky business”.
  6. Flanagan South: sadly, despite real opposition that existed to this 600-mile tar sands pipeline, this pipeline was recently announced to be complete and in operation.
  7. Seaway: this pipeline runs through Texas following a similar route to the southern leg of the Keystone XL pipeline, jointly owned by Enbridge and Enterprise. Despite some opposition to the pipeline, I believe its expansion is complete.
  8. Sandpiper: this proposed 612-mile oil pipeline would run from North Dakota to Wisconsin. Public hearings in Minnesota are set for it on the first week of January 2015.
  9. Line 61: Enbridge is trying to get away with tripling the capacity of this pipeline, so that it would carry more tar sands per day than the proposed Keystone XL pipeline, and is also trying to get away with having adequate insurance if and when it leaks: read more at
  10. Alberta Clipper (Line 67): this pipeline is going forward in a rather dirty, dubious way… the Minnesota Public Utilities Commission has approved this pipeline’s expansion, and to avoid having to seek presidential approval, the Alberta Clipper is being linked to Line 3 right at the US-Canada border.
  11. Northern Gateway: this pipeline has faced years of fierce opposition, though it seems it is going forward:

Apologies for any significant Enbridge pipeline or other projects that I missed, these were just the ones that came to mind.


I’m intimidated by what can only fairly be described as Enbridge’s tar sands tyranny. At a time of a clear looming threat from climate change, Enbridge seems to me to be one of the companies most desperately involved in getting as much of the world’s most toxic and carbon-intensive fossil fuel out to the world market. They haven’t learned their lessons from the line 6B disaster (except the do’s and don’ts of public relations, I guess), and they’re expanding their tar sands pipelines all across the continent. And I fear that the mainstream environmental movement is too focused on Keystone XL, a single pipeline that Enbridge is outdoing many times over, to take Enbridge on in any serious way.

Which is why I’m fasting. By fasting, I’m bearing witness to Enbridge’s destruction, and am hoping and praying for the rise of fierce opposition to Enbridge, all over the continent. I’m inspired by the efforts of various inviduals and groups. I’m glad for the work of MICATS, a line 6B whistleblower, groups bringing attention to Line 5 at the “Tip of the Mitt”, groups south of us, various groups and individuals fighting Line 9, those fighting the Alberta Clipper, Sandpiper and Line 61 to the west of us, indigenous resistance that’s greater and more complex than I can ever understand, and a whole mess of others that I can’t fully name. I sincerely hope that these groups and way more can come together to take on this tar sands monster with a force that’s formidable and comparable to it.

Here’s to a hopeful future.

Oct 13

Chris Wahmhoff to Stand Trial


chris pretrial meme

Calhoun County, MI — Pretrial motions will be heard by Calhoun County on Monday for the pending trial of pipeline protestor Chris Wahmhoff. This man, who skateboarded into the expansion project of Enbridge Line 6B in June 2013, now faces potentially two years in prison. The case had been dismissed two times by Calhoun County Judge Kingsley, however the Michigan Supreme Court has overturned the dismissal and recently refused to read an appeal from Wahmhoff’s attorney.  Now with trial pending, the protestor’s legal team will be bringing motions for expert witnesses on climate change as a part of their defense.

“I intend to bring in some experts about climate change,” Royal said. “The defense is that it was a necessity because global climate change has reached a degree to harm humans and all living species and  people like Chris Wahmhoff have to take action to bring this to a stop.”
-Attorney John Royal of the National Lawyers Guild, and head council for the defendant

The Enbridge pipeline protester -— now a candidate for U.S. Senate — will stand trial over his daylong occupation of the under-construction pipeline in which he took a skateboard into an expansion piece of Enbridge Line 6B, a pipeline that ruptured in 2010 causing the largest inland oil spill in U.S. history, an oil spill that even Enbridge has admitted cannot be fully cleaned.

“It is my hope that people see  this is a direct effect of climate change, and that people learn that places like our river, BP, Bhopal, and Athabasca, have been directly and permanently changed. They have been destroyed by new kinds of fossil fuel technology that has the destructive power of a weapon of mass destruction. Wildlife are killed in the blast, and our communities suffer the fall out. Places like Mackinac need to be addressed before we lose 20% of the entire world’s water supply, and communities like ours need adequate medical and scientific support.  Most importantly the oil and gas industries need to be stopped.”
-Chris Wahmhoff

Oct 07

Oil & Water Don’t Mix Demand Action from Snyder

October 6, 2014
Contact: Andy McGlashen, Michigan Environmental Council
(517) 420-1908 |

Business Owners and Great Lakes Groups: Gov. Snyder
Must Immediately Open Hearing on Straits of Mackinac Oil Pipelines

Representatives of more than a dozen environmental groups, businesses, and governments—and thousands of citizens—today called on Gov. Snyder to take swift and meaningful action to protect the Great Lakes from a catastrophic oil spill from a pair of 61-year-old Enbridge pipelines in the Straits of Mackinac.

The Oil & Water Don’t Mix campaign contends that Michigan is long overdue in applying state law—specifically, the Great Lakes Submerged Lands Act—to the aging “Line 5” pipelines. The law requires the state to conduct an open public process to evaluate the likely risks and impacts to not only the Great Lakes waters and ecosystem, but also the affected communities, in the event of an oil spill. This public process, in turn, would address the question of whether the Enbridge oil pipelines in the straits warrant greater regulation, repair, replacement, or removal.

Members of the campaign in July sent the governor a letter formally requesting he immediately open a transparent, public proceeding to evaluate the threat the pipelines pose and determine what actions should be taken to prevent a catastrophe. Mayor Margaret Doud of Mackinac Island last month sent the governor a similar letter.

“A leak in the pipeline under the Straits of Mackinac would be a major disaster for all of us who live within the reach of the Great Lakes. The water supply on Mackinac Island would be shut down and the economic vitality of the island would be seriously damaged. Island residents would have to be evacuated,” said George Goodman, member of the Board of Trustees of the Mackinac Island Community Foundation and a Mackinac Island resident. “The governor must take immediate steps to reassure the citizens of Michigan that Enbridge is operating in full compliance of the state’s 1953 easement.”

To date, Gov. Snyder has created a pipeline safety task force—which meets behind closed doors—but has not initiated the open review such a significant threat to the Great Lakes requires. The pipelines push almost 23 million gallons of oil a day through the straits.

Computer simulations this summer by the University of Michigan and the National Wildlife Federation showed that strong, erratic currents make the Straits of Mackinac “the worst possible place for an oil spill in the Great Lakes,” according to U-M researcher David Schwab. A possible million-gallon oil spill there would foul shorelines from Wilderness State Park in Lake Michigan to Rogers City in Lake Huron, including tourist hotspots like Mackinac Island and Beaver Island.

“As someone who looks at this issue from a twofold perspective—Northern Michigan-born and raised, and owner of a third generation family business that relies solely on the Straits of Mackinac for its income—three words come to mind: ‘Water is life,’” said Chris Shepler, owner and operator of Shepler’s Mackinac Island Ferry, which has been providing passenger transport to Mackinac Island since 1945. “I only hope that we, as a state, take a strong look at what Enbridge is currently doing and wants to do under the Straits of Mackinac.”

Aaron Payment, Tribal Chairman of the Sault Tribe of Chippewa Indians, added, “As natural stewards of the land and with both a sacred responsibility over the water and shared legal authority over our Great Lakes fisheries, American Indians in Michigan are extremely concerned with the imminent threat of a spill of a million gallons of oil.”

While the federal government oversees pipeline safety, legal experts say Gov. Snyder has the authority and duty—provided by the public trust doctrine, the Great Lakes Submerged Lands Act and Enbridge’s 1953 easement with the state—to protect the Great Lakes by ensuring the company is doing all it can to prevent a spill in the straits.

“Gov. Snyder must act as a state trustee under this law. Instead, he continues to say publicly that it is up to the federal government to make sure that the pipelines are safe,” said Liz Kirkwood, an attorney and executive director of FLOW, a Traverse City-based Great Lakes public policy group. “On the contrary, the Enbridge oil pipelines in the straits are very much a state issue. Without obtaining an easement from the State of Michigan in 1953, Enbridge simply could not have built nor continue to operate these pipelines in state-owned waters. That is why the state retains primary authority over these oil pipelines.”

The Oil & Water Don’t Mix campaign continues to gain support from Michigan businesses and communities, and already is backed by more than 2,400 individuals who have signed a letter urging Gov. Snyder to take charge and prevent a catastrophic oil spill in the Great Lakes.

“People are shocked when they first learn about the Enbridge oil pipelines lurking at the bottom of the straits,” said Jim Lively, Program Director at the Michigan Land Use Institute. “Many people wonder whether oil pipelines should have ever been allowed in the Great Lakes in the first place. It’s time to get some answers to the public’s questions and determine the fate of these pipelines.”
· Underwater footage of the oil pipeline and a TV spot available at

· University of Michigan simulation of a straits oil spill available at

For More Information:

To obtain more information, including the Oil & Water Don’t Mix campaign fact sheet, “Challenging Enbridge’s ‘Line 5’ Oil Pipelines in the Straits of Mackinac,” visit

Here’s the video from the press conference yesterday!



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